The northernmost country in Africa has different attractions that are worth the time and money. Before packing your bags ensure that you travel during late autumn since it would be too hot to visit during summer. This means that you get the most out of the Saharan desert dunes. Visiting the Great Mosque of Kairouan and the Al-Zaytuna Mosque helps you learn more about the religion surrounding the area. Make sure you don’t leave the country if you were not able to visit the National Bardo Museaum. This is the oldest and the most important among the Tunisian museums. The main reason is that this has the largest collection of Roman mosaics. After this you could say that your visit has been completed.
Important and Interesting Facts about Tunisia
- It is the northernmost country in Africa and, at almost 165,000 square kilometres (64,000 sq mi) in area, the smallest country in the Maghreb region of North Africa.
- It is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east.
- Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country’s land is fertile soil. Its 1,300 kilometres (810 mi) of coastline includes the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, features the African mainland’s second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar.
- Though it is relatively small in size, Tunisia has great environmental diversity due to its north-south extent. Its east-west extent is limited.
- The Sahel, a broadening coastal plain along Tunisia’s eastern Mediterranean coast, is among the world’s premier areas of olive cultivation.
- Carthage was the capital of Phoenician government, and later also became the capital of the Roman government in the South of the Mediterranean Sea when mastering Tunisia.. Its location is very strategic, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea with beautiful scenery. In this area, we can see the ruins of the ancient wake of Roman architecture, the former palace (capitol) Roman.
- Tunis is situated on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The area commonly called the old city of Medina. This area is surrounded by a wall fence with some of the main door and some of the smaller doors. Wall fence aims for keep the city from enemy attack.
- Ezzitouna mosque built in 114 H/732 AD by Ubaidillah bin al-Habhab, the governor of Africa in the reign of Hisham ibn Abdul Malik of the dynasty Umayyad. Renovation was carried out by Abu Abbas Mohammed bin Aghlab Aghlabiah Dynasty. The mosque is located in the middle of the old city market complex. This mosque is located in its role as a center of learning and preaching in the Middle Ages.
- Bardo museum-For those interested in history and want to know about the history of Tunisia it is suitable for visit. Museum is open every day except Monday. Prior to independence, the Bardo Museum is a palace of the Bey (the title King of Tunisia). In this museum was store of historical civilizations that once lived in Tunisia.
- Acropolium-This old church located in Carthage. His real name is Saint Louis Cathedral, the largest church in North Africa. Now this church functioned as a tourist attraction as well as the Conser Hall primarily on Carthage Acropulium summer.
- Sidi Bou said is the name of a Sufi cleric who will bear the name of the residential places. This area consists of buildings that motivated Andalusia, the white buildings and blue doors and windows. Sidi Bou said in a position 10 km west of Tunis. Its location is high due to the hilltop area, is suitable to be for those who want to enjoy the beautiful views of Mediterranean Sea.
Cool and Funny Facts about Tunisia
- The country has only ever had two presidents.
- Tunis is currently the only town in Tunisia to be equipped with a metro (“tube”) service, which is more like a tramway.
- Tunisia has served as a popular location for some of Hollywood’s biggest films, among which include Star wars, Jesus of Nazareth, The English Patient and Raiders of the Lost Ark.
- Tunisia’ most famous Olympian is Mohammed Gammoudi who won four Olympic medals over the three games. In the 1964 Tokyo games he won a Silver medal in the 10,000m race, four years later in the 1968 Mexico games he won a Gold medal in the 5,000m and Bronze in the 10,000m and in 1972 he won a silver medal in the Munich games.
- In the Matmata area, people still live in underground houses.
- Camel is eaten, mainly in the south-west, but it can be really tough and chewy
- The city Kairouan is the fourth most important city in the Islamic world after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem.
- When the film Raiders of the Lost Ark was shot in tunisia crew members had to remove 300 televisions antennas from homes in Kairouan, Tunisia for one scene to make a rooftop shot look like 1936.
- Scorpions are all over the place in the south. Only things worse than the scorpions are the snakes. Woo! Also, the most venomous spider in the world can be found in Tunisia
- Polygamy and repudiation (when a man divorces his wife by simply declaring it is so) are outlawed.
- Women can pass on their names and nationalities to their children.
Historical and Cultural Facts about Tunisia
- Tunisia was settled by the Phoenicians in the 12th century B.C. By the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. , the great city-state of Carthage (derived from the Phoenician name for “new city”) dominated much of the western Mediterranean. The three Punic Wars between Rome and Carthage (the second was the most famous, pitting the Roman general Scipio Africanus against Carthage’s Hannibal) led to the complete destruction of Carthage by 146 B.C.
- Except for an interval of Vandal conquest in A.D. 439–533, Carthage was part of the Roman Empire until the Arab conquest of 648–669. It was then ruled by various Arab and Berber dynasties, followed by the Turks, who took it in 1570–1574 and made it part of the Ottoman Empire until the 19th century.
- In the late 16th century, it was a stronghold for the Barbary pirates. French troops occupied the country in 1881, and the bey, the local Tunisian ruler, signed a treaty acknowledging it as a French protectorate.
- Nationalist agitation forced France to recognize Tunisian independence and sovereignty in 1956. The constituent assembly deposed the bey on July 25, 1957, declared Tunisia a republic, and elected Habib Bourguiba as president. Bourguiba maintained a pro-Western foreign policy that earned him enemies. Tunisia refused to break relations with the U.S. during the Arab-Israeli War in June 1967. Concerned with Islamic fundamentalist plots against the state, the government stepped up efforts to eradicate the movement, including censorship and frequent detention of suspects.
- Traditional Tunisian cuisine reflects local agriculture. It stresses wheat, in the form of bread or couscous, olives and olive oil, meat (above all, mutton), fruit, and vegetables. Couscous (semolina wheat prepared with a stew of meat and vegetables) is the national dish, and most people eat it daily in simple forms, and in more complex forms for celebrations.
- Tunisian mourners wear traditional bright red costumes at funerals. Corpses are laid on the left side, facing Mecca.
- Independent Tunisia under Bourguiba made a major effort to improve women’s status by encouraging education and employment, improving the conditions of marriage, and encouraging family planning. This has reduced rather than eliminated the gap between the status of women and men.
- Tunisians are relatively egalitarian in their interpersonal relations, but there is a strong sense of etiquette. People should be addressed respectfully. A man should not show too much curiosity towards the women in his friend’s family, and may not even know their names. In some cases, men do not visit each other’s homes because the women would inevitably be present. Some people with a sense of their own status do not visit those they consider lower in rank. These rules are relaxed in the urbanized upper classes.
- As Muslims, Tunisians accept the oneness of God and the power of his word as expressed in the Koran. For many purposes, people refer to the texts of the Koran and of certain related texts such as the Hadith (authentic traditions). The Shari’ah, or Islamic law, is central to people’s understanding of what is proper.
- Tunisia has produced some fine writers, more in Arabic than in French.