If mountain climbing is a dream adventure for you, then travelling to Tajikistan is your best option as they offer wilderness adventures you should try. This is a landlocked country, where you could expect high ranges of mountains that would surely make your journey totally exciting and fun. Trekking is ideal as you walk along every hill and valleys along your way exploring every corner of each city. Aside from the land forms available, tourists who have been to Tajikistan would recommend a road trip along the Pamir Highway where you could go to many beautiful places in one ride.
Important and Interesting Facts about Tajikistan
- It’s a mountainous landlocked sovereign country in Central Asia. it is the 96th largest country in the world in terms of area.
- It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east.
- It has a transition economy that is dependent on aluminum and cotton production, its economy is the 126th largest in the world in terms of purchasing power and 136th largest in terms of nominal GDP.
- The Amu Darya and Panj rivers mark the border with Afghanistan, and the glaciers in Tajikistan’s mountains are the major source of runoff for the Aral Sea. There are over 900 rivers in Tajikistan longer than 10 kilometres.
- Tajikistan’s mountains provide many opportunities for outdoor sports, such as hill climbing, mountain biking, rock climbing, skiing, snowboarding, hiking, and mountain climbing. The facilities are limited, however. Mountain climbing and hiking tours to the Fann and Pamir Mountains, including the 7,000 m peaks in the region, are seasonally organized by local and international alpine agencies.
- The Alauddin Lakes is a beautiful lake basin with clear and cool waters perfect for swimming. The area also offers great mountain scenery perfect for a relaxing day.
- Known for its intricate interiors, the Ayni Opera & Ballet Theatre is a theater for opera and classical music concerts.
- The Fann Mountains is one of the largest tourist attraction in Tajikistan. Mountaineering, rock climbing, and ice climbing are some of the activities that can be enjoyed here not to mention the great scenery.
- Gissar Fort is a picturesque fortress in the Gissar Valley. The fort is located in a hill with a great Islamic-style arched doorway, flanked by two round towers.
- Surrounded by the Fann Mountains, the Iskanderkul Lake is one of the most beautiful places to visit in Tajikistan. It is 2.5 km long and 1 km across and sits at an altitude of 2,255m above sea level with turquoise and calm water.
- The Ismail Somoni Monument is one of Dushanbe’s most visible monument to nation-building. The statue is of Ismail Samani, the 10th-century Samanid ruler.
- The Kulikalon Lakes is a group of three glacial lakes, or tarns, in the Zeravshan Mountains of south-western Sughd Province. The lakes are famous for its ability to shimmer with all colors of a rainbow which provides a breathtaking sight.
Cool and Funny Facts about Tajikistan
- Russian soldiers are reported to have seen the yeti or Abominable Snowman in the Pamir Mountains of Tajikistan. The legend of the yeti persists today.
- In the small Asian nation of Tajikistan, the unibrow is considered a highly attractive feature in women. If you are unfortunately born without a unibrow, you can paint it on daily to become more attractive.
- The Iskanderkul Lake of Tajikistan is named after Alexander the Great.
- Tajikistan created a law to limit the amount of people one can invite to a party (like a wedding) based on the household income in an effort to keep people from bankrupting themselves.
- Nurek Dam, located in Tajikistan, is the highest dam in the world.
- In the ancient times Fergana Valley in Tajikistan had some of the best horses in all of Asia and Europe. Europeans would make the long journey just to get some of these horses. While it is no longer so, the place still offers tourists a great place to learn about the history of Tajikistan.
- Due to grinding poverty and unemployment, Tajik men move to Russia to take menial jobs. There, they are often beaten up or killed by Russian white supremacists.
- Most of the heroin produced in Afghanistan transits through Tajikistan.
- It is the setting of the Chevy Chase-Dan Aykroyd Cold War comedy, Spies Like Us.
- Country’s dictator was recently filmed singing drunk at his son’s wedding. The clip was posted on YouTube. In response, he banned YouTube from the country.
Historical and Cultural Facts about Tajikistan
- The Tajiks, whose language is nearly identical with Persian, were part of the ancient Persian Empire that was ruled by Darius I and later conquered by Alexander the Great (333 B.C. ).
- In the 7th and 8th centuries, Arabs conquered the region and brought Islam. The Tajiks were successively ruled by Uzbeks and then Afghans until claimed by Russia in the 1860s. In 1924, Tajikistan was consolidated into a newly formed Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which was administratively part of the Uzbek SSR until the Tajik ASSR gained full-fledged republic status in 1929.
- Tajikistan declared its sovereignty in Aug. 1990. In 1991, the republic’s Communist leadership supported the attempted coup against Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev. Tajikistan joined with ten other former Soviet republics in the Commonwealth of Independent States on Dec. 21, 1991. A parliamentary republic was proclaimed and presidential rule abolished in Nov. 1992.
- After independence, Tajikistan experienced sporadic conflict as the Communist-dominated government struggled to combat an insurgency by Islamic and democratic opposition forces. Despite continued international efforts to end the civil war, periodic fighting continued. About 60,000 people lost their lives in Tajikistan’s civil war. The conflict ended officially on June 27, 1997, with the signing in Moscow of peace accords between the government of President Imomali Rakhmonov and the United Tajik Opposition (UTO), a coalition of largely Islamic groups.
- In 2005 parliamentary elections, the president’s governing party received 80% of the votes; international monitors pronounced them irregular. President Rakhmonov won a third term in the Nov. 2006 elections, which were boycotted by opposition parties. Since he came to power ten years ago, he has shut down the country’s independent media and jailed opposition leaders. His government has also been accused of numerous human rights abuses and corruption.
- With over 80 percent of the population living below the poverty line, food is scarce. A basic breakfast consists of tea and bread. A wealthy family may eat butter and jam and perhaps eggs or porridge. Soup often is served for dinner; it may contain a soup bone with meat, carrots, onions, and potatoes. Osh, a rice dish made with carrots, onions and meat, is served two or three times a week
- Rural people depend almost entirely on what they produce themselves. Seventy-five percent of households grow food for their own use, and people in the cities plant gardens in vacant lots.
- Hospitality, humility, and respect are considered essential for successful interaction in the culture. The elderly are always given the place of honor. A man must never enter a home where there are only women, and a girl must never be left alone with a boy. At large social gatherings, men and women often are separated.
- The Zorastrian religion has influenced the traditions and superstitions of the people. Many people believe that supernatural forces affect their daily lives, and they wear amulets to protect themselves from evil. They may seek out fortune-tellers, or consult a witch to ward off illness or cast a spell on a potential lover.
- In 1999, the government created Consolidation Day (17 June) to celebrate the Saminid era, in an attempt to unify the people and promote the idea of the state. New Year’s Day is celebrated on 1 January. International Women’s Day is celebrated on 8 March. Navruz (21 March), a Zoroastrian feast is the traditional New Year’s celebration.
- Tajikistan claims ancient poets Omar Khayyám and Alisher Navoi as part of its literary tradition. Firdowsī is appreciated for creating epic poetry as a way to educate the people.