Because of its landlocked location, you could see different land forms in the boundaries of Switzerland. These includes plains, plateaus, valleys, and of course the famous Mountain of Alps. Large lakes are also present in this area because of the melting ice in the lowlands. You could even see the largest falls in Europe here, the Rhine Falls. Depending on the altitude, people living in this area sometimes experience different climates, cold and very hot, brought by the changing seasons and most especially their location. Cold climates are expected in the highlands. Indeed, this country is known to have a profound beauty.
Important and Interesting Facts about Switzerland
- The country is situated in Western and Central Europe, where it is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.
- Switzerland is a landlocked country geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning an area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi).
- Swiss citizens have the second-highest life expectancy in the world on the UN DESA list. Switzerland is tied with the Netherlands for the top rank on the Bribe Payers Index indicating very low levels of business corruption. Moreover, for the last five years the country has been ranked first in economic and tourist competitiveness according to the Global Competitiveness Report and the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report respectively, both developed by the World Economic Forum.
- Zürich and Geneva have each been ranked among the top cities with the highest quality of life in the world, with the former coming second globally according to Mercer. However, Mercer also rates those two cities as the fifth- and sixth- most expensive cities in the world to live in.
- Switzerland’s ecosystems can be particularly fragile, because the many delicate valleys separated by high mountains often form unique ecologies. The mountainous regions themselves are also vulnerable, with a rich range of plants not found at other altitudes, and experience some pressure from visitors and grazing. The climatic, geological and topographical conditions of the alpine region make for a very fragile ecosystem that is particularly sensitive to climate change.
- The “Matterhorn” is one of the world’s most famous mountain. It rises 4478 meters high, but is not the highest mountain in Switzerland. Today, many climbers summit the Matterhorn each year, and all the faces of the mountain have been ascended in all seasons, though even the easiest route to the top is considered a fairly difficult climb.Visit this tourist attractions will gives you the great experience.
- The Swiss National Park, founded in 1914, is the oldest in the Alps. This is one of the amazing Swiss tourist attraction. Swiss National Park is the finest place to see the views of Alps. This park is so big that it covers half the area of Switzerland. Here you can also see some animals including eagles, marmots and elks. It is a worth-seeing park but it is not permitted to pitch a tent and spend night in this park.
- The Chillon Castle – Also known as the Chateau de Chillon, the Chillon Castle is one of the most famous castles in Switzerland located near Montreux. The castle become one of the best tourist attractions in Switzerland. It was home to the Count of Savoys from the 12th to the 14th century, and consists of 100 buildings, several dungeons, three courtyards and four great halls. Each hall provides spectacular views of Lake Geneva.
- Being located at the base of the Swiss Alps makes this ski resort one of the most beloved. Zermatt is famous for its beautiful ski resort where you can enjoy skiing. If you are not interested in skiing then there are several other options. You can enjoy dining in a gourmand restaurant. There are also markets around the town where you can do a lot of shopping.
- The Tropical Alps-In this tourist attractions you will find palm trees here. Ticino is very close to Italy, and offers glaciers as well as palm trees. The culture is rich and diverse in this area, and is little known to those who don’t live in Switzerland.
- Lake Geneva is one of the largest lakes in all of Europe, The lake itself is a gorgeous destination, Lake Geneva is one of the world’s most beautiful lake that lies between Switzerland and France. 60% owned by Swiss and 40% owned by France. This lake looks like a crescent moon if viewed from above, has an area of nearly 600 km2. The lake is often to yacht sport yacht. Take a private boat tour of the lake for the best views.
- Be active in Interlaken. The city boasts countless recreational activities, from the more tame hiking and skiing to adventure sports like paragliding, bungee jumping, or even river rafting. With beautiful scenery surrounding the area, it is no surprise that most visitors visit this place to explore the great outdoors.
Cool and Funny Facts about Switzerland
- The average salary of a teacher in Switzerland in 2010 was $112000 per year.
- In Switzerland, it is illegal to deny that the holocaust happened
- Switzerland is unique for having enough nuclear fallout shelters to accommodate its entire human population.
- In Switzerland, it is illegal to keep just one guinea pig. You got to have them in pair
- Men in Switzerland are required to keep the firearms they are issued during their military service at home even after they leave the military to prevent any home break ins and to have the countries men ready to mobilize in the event of a threat
- There is a 500-year-old statue of a man eating a sack of babies in Bern, Switzerland, and nobody is sure why
- A Swiss Jeweler made a $68 million ring that was made entirely out of diamond.
- One of Switzerland’s main defense strategies is to demolish every main access into the country via roads, bridges, and railways. There are at least 3,000 locations currently prepared to blow at a moment’s notice in case of an attack.
- In Switzerland, a group of citizens may challenge a law passed by Parliament, if they are able to gather 50,000 signatures against the law within 100 days. A national vote is scheduled where voters decide by a simple majority whether to accept or reject the law.
- Assisted suicide is legal in Switzerland. It is also legal in Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, and three American states (Oregon, Washington, and Montana).
- The German township of Büsingen am Hochrhein is entirely surrounded by Switzerland.
- Switzerland claimed neutrality during WW2 and therefore thousands of people deposited their hard-earned money in Switzerland. When the depositors died, the relatives were denied any access to their funds, funds that the banks continued to make interest off. They also funneled hundreds of millions into Nazi Germany
Historical and Cultural Facts about Switzerland
- Called Helvetia in ancient times, Switzerland in 1291 was a league of cantons in the Holy Roman Empire. Fashioned around the nucleus of three German forest districts of Schwyz, Uri, and Unterwalden, the Swiss Confederation slowly added new cantons. In 1648 the Treaty of Westphalia gave Switzerland its independence from the Holy Roman Empire.
- French revolutionary troops occupied the country in 1798 and named it the Helvetic Republic, but Napoléon in 1803 restored its federal government. By 1815, the French- and Italian-speaking peoples of Switzerland had been granted political equality.
- In 1815, the Congress of Vienna guaranteed the neutrality and recognized the independence of Switzerland. In the revolutionary period of 1847, the Catholic cantons seceded and organized a separate union called the Sonderbund , but they were defeated and rejoined the federation.
- In 1848, the new Swiss constitution established a union modeled on that of the U.S. The federal constitution of 1874 established a strong central government while giving large powers of control to each canton. National unity and political conservatism grew as the country prospered from its neutrality. Its banking system became the world’s leading repository for international accounts.
- Surprisingly, women were not given the right to vote or to hold office until 1971. Switzerland’s first woman president—as well as the first Jew to assume the position—was Ruth Dreifuss in 1999.
- Regional and local culinary specialties generally are based on a traditional type of cooking, rich in calories and fat, that is more suited to outdoor activity than to a sedentary way of life. Dairy products such as butter, cream, and cheese are important parts of the diet, along with pork. More recent eating habits show a growing concern for healthy food and a growing taste for exotic food.
- A lack of raw materials and limited agricultural production (one-fourth of the territory is unproductive because of mountains, lakes, and rivers) caused Switzerland to develop an economy based on the transformation of imported raw materials into high-added-value finished products mainly destined for exportation. The economy is highly specialized and dependent on international trade (40 percent of the gross domestic product [GDP] in 1998).
- Respect for privacy and discretion are key values in social interaction. In public spaces such as trains, strangers normally do not speak to each other. Kindness and politeness in social interaction are expected; in smaller shops, clients and vendors thank each other several times. Cultural differences between the linguistic regions include the more frequent use of titles and professional functions in the German-speaking region, and the use of a kiss rather than a handshake in the French-speaking region.
- Catholicism and Protestantism are the major religions. For centuries, Catholics were a minority, but in 1990 there were more Catholics (46 percent) than Protestants (40 percent). The proportion of people belonging to other churches has risen since 1980. The Muslim community, representing over 2 percent of the population in 1990, is the largest religious minority. The Jewish community has always been very small and experienced discrimination; in 1866, Swiss Jews received the constitutional rights held by their Christian fellow citizens.
- Literature reflects the national linguistic situation: very few authors reach a national audience because of the language but also because of the cultural differences between the linguistic regions. French-speaking Swiss literature is oriented towards France, and German-speaking Swiss literature towards Germany; both are engaged in a love–hate relationship with their imposting neighbors and try to create a distinctive identity.
- Smocks are really big in Switzerland. Generally, smocks were reserved for school. In fact, according to the Historical Clothing website, it was compulsory for 9-10 year old boys. From 1930s to 1960s.They still wear traditional costumes at their parades and festivals. Boys and men wear blue canvas jackets. Girls and women long sleeved jackets, silk aprons and straw with ribbons dangling from the brim.