The smallest republic in the world located in the South Pacific Ocean, the tropical country of Nauru is rich in phosphate deposits. Despite being surrounded by the ocean, Nauru has the Buada Lagoon found in the middle of the island. It might not be suitable for swimming but it presents a great and relaxing view. A really interesting and worth bragging experience would be being able to walk throughout the perimeter of an entire country. One of the best features of Nauru is their beaches where there are plenty of swimming and fishing opportunities. They also have war relics and remnants of the World War II that is worth exploring.
Important and Interesting Facts about Nauru
- is an island country in Micronesia in the South Pacific. Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 kilometres (186 mi) to the east.
- Nauru is the smallest state in the South Pacific and second smallest state by population in the world, behind only the Vatican City.
- Nauru is a phosphate rock island with rich deposits near the surface, which allow easy strip mining operations. It has some phosphate resources which, as of 2011, are not economically viable for extraction.
- The island is surrounded by a coral reef, which is exposed at low tide and dotted with pinnacles.The presence of the reef has prevented the establishment of a seaport, although channels in the reef allow small boats access to the island.
- Coral cliffs surround Nauru’s central plateau. The highest point of the plateau, called the Command Ridge, is 71 metres (233 ft) above sea level.
- As an island, Nauru is vulnerable to climate and sea level change. Nauru is the seventh most global warming threatened nation due to flooding.
- On the western side of the island in the inland water area is called. Buada lagoon. In and around lake you can find wealthy inhabitants of the island as well as for middle class. The place serves as a comfortable rest area and it is nice to look at.
- It is not often that an entire country has only one place where you can play professional football. If something happens on the island of football, and we have in mind the Australian football, it will perhaps at this point. Another place where they could play the Menen Stadium Meneng in the district, in the years 2001 to 2007 as part of the land used for a local camp for refugees and asylum seekers across Australia.
- Cove Bay Anibare is incomplete bay, but even so it is more beautiful coastal cities able to succeed in tourism. Tropical beaches get a few years ago the project of Japanese architects, who built a port Anibare. Beaches on Anibare most suitable for swimming. While others are sandy, but not so smooth in water. On the others you can find a rock or coral in the sea.
- The district of Yaren is Nauru’s largest community and the closest thing the island has to an official capital. The island’s police and earth stations, administration offices, parliament house, and only international airport are all situated here. In 2003, Yaren’s entire population was no more than 1,100 people.
- Moqua Well and Moqua Caves-Many locals still refer to this underground lake as a well because it was Nauru’s main drinking source during WWII. Although the lake and its namesake caves stand next to Nauru International Airport, they remain difficult to find without assistance because a fence has blocked access ever since a drunk man accidentally drowned there in 2001. The ancient limestone caves and cliffs stand mere steps from Nauru’s national parliament buildings in Yaren and were both named after the town’s original name.
- Command Ridge-Nauru’s highest point stands 213 feet high and is among the few peaks in the world whose summit boasts a view of an entire nation. A car and some local directions are necessary to reach this point where the Japanese stood guard over the island during WWII. Two rotating six-barrel guns and a communications bunker with Japanese writing is inscribed are the most visible souvenirs from this time period.
Cool, Funny, and Fun Facts about Nauru
- Nauru is the world’s smallest island nation, covering just 21 km².
- It is the only republican state in the world without an official capital.
- It is widely believed that the country’s phosphate deposits actually originated from the droppings of sea birds.
- There is no income or other tax in Nauru, although Parliament has power to impose taxes. In 2000, the OECD listed Nauru as one of 38 “uncooperative tax havens.”
- Attendance at school is compulsory for Nauruan children from 5 to 16 years old. Two types of schools are available, both coeducational: those run by the government and those conducted by the Roman Catholic Church. Education is provided free by the government.
- Nauru has no armed forces.
- Since Sept. 2001, Nauru has accepted three boatloads of Asian refugees destined for Australia. Australia compensated the island with $20 million and other financial incentives for taking this refugee problem off its hands. The detention camps, which held more than 400 asylum seekers in 2003, are said to be extremely bleak and lack medical care.
- The small island nation of Nauru is by far the fattest country on Earth and presumably has the highest per capita manssiere sale rates. Its obesity epidemic is primarily attributed to the importation of western fast food that coincided with an increased standard of living in the 20th century due to the global popularity of its phosphate exports.
- Homosexuality is not tolerated and public manifestation of homosexuality may be reason for arrest to jail.
- The island’s residents are up in the 40% diabetics. The country is 2nd highest in the world next to American Samoa.
Historical and Cultural Facts about Nauru
- Nauru was first inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian people at least 3,000 years ago.There were traditionally 12 clans or tribes on Nauru, which are represented in the 12-pointed star on the country’s flag.
- The British sea captain John Fearn, a whale hunter, became the first Westerner to visit Nauru in 1798, naming it “Pleasant Island”. From around 1830, Nauruans had contact with Europeans from whaling ships and traders who replenished their supplies (particularly fresh water) at Nauru.
- Nauru was annexed by Germany in 1888 and incorporated into Germany’s Marshall Islands Protectorate. The arrival of the Germans ended the civil war, and kings were established as rulers of the island. The most widely known of these was King Auweyida.The Germans ruled Nauru for almost three decades. Robert Rasch, a German trader who married a Nauruan woman, was the first administrator, appointed in 1890.
- Phosphate was discovered on Nauru in 1900 by the prospector Albert Fuller Ellis.The Pacific Phosphate Company began to exploit the reserves in 1906 by agreement with Germany, exporting its first shipment in 1907.
- Inhabitants practised aquaculture: they caught juvenile ibija fish, acclimatised them to fresh water, and raised them in the Buada Lagoon, providing a reliable source of food. The other locally grown components of their diet included coconuts and pandanus fruit.
- All Nauruans belong to a matrilineal group or clan. Each birth and death is publically identified by clan affiliation in a public document. That affiliation lasts the lifetime of the individual and is not altered by marriage. A marriage partner must be selected from another clan.
- Nauru is a Christian country so a prayer opens most gatherings. Children are expected to honor and respect their elders. Mothers are particularly honored. Dress is usually European. Many elements of Australian etiquette are followed as public practice.
- Before Christian beliefs arrived and mining destroyed Topside, Nauruans believed in the primordial establishment of the island by two spirits that came from Kiribati and were manifest in two rocks, one on either side of Topside. Those rocks have disappeared, along with many of the other useful aspects of Topside. Buada lagoon is another site of spiritual strength for some Nauruans.
- The inhabitants of Nauru wear the usual tropical clothes: short trousers and light shirts.
- The popular and favourite sport of Nauru is Australian rules football. A 12-team senior league operates in the country, see Australian rules football in Nauru and it is a popular spectator sport. Nauru has competed internationally in Australian rules football at the Arafura Games, Australian Football International Cup and Barassi International Youth Tournament. The national team, the “Chiefs”, ranked 8th in the International Cup in 2002 and gold medal at the Arafura Games.
- Rhythmic singing and traditional reigen are performed particularly at celebrations and craftsmen make articles of clothing and fans of Kokosfasern and the sheets of the screw tree and use geometrical samples, which resemble those of the Indonesian culture. Also the wood of the kokospalme is used for the production of arts and crafts.