It is one of the countries with the most fascinating mix of cultures, languages, and people. Micronesia is located just north of the Equator, in the Northwest area of the Pacific Ocean. More than 600 islands make up the whole structure of Micronesia, giving tourists lots of opportunities for adventurous experiences. The four major islands – Pohnpei, Chuuk, Yap and Kosrae – offer several attractions from volcanic formations to imposing mountains to coral atolls. Plunge into the beaches of Chuuk, delve into the forests of Pohpnei, immerse in the cultural practices of the people in Yap, and savor the beautiful scenery of the islands in Kosrae.
Important and Interesting Facts About Federated States of Micronesia
- Although Micronesia is composed of thousands of islands, its land area is only 3, 185.6 km².
- The majority of the islands that form Micronesia are either volcanic islands or coral atolls. Of the 600 and some islands in Micronesia, a large percentage of them are formed by coral protruding above the surface of the water, which over tine becomes firm enough and large enough in area, to support the Micronesian lifestyle.
- The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) are Kosrae, Pohnpei, Chuuk (formerly Truk) and Yap, stretching over a vast expanse of Pacific Ocean just north of the equator. Geographically, these four small states are part of the Caroline Islands, consisting between them of over 600 islands, of which only 65 are inhabited. Also parts of Chuuk state are the isolated Mortlocks, Hall Islands and Western Islands.
- The name “Falalop” means “big island” or “main island” Many atolls in the Outer Islands, like Woleai, have an island which is called Falalop, meaning it is the main island of that atoll.
- The Yap Islands are known for their fine diving waters, and adventurous tourists can also take trips to Ulithi.
- Pakin Atoll is a small atoll lying off the northwest coast of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia. The other inhabited islets of Pakin Atoll include Painpwel, Wesetik, Mwanid, and Olamwin. The atoll is a popular site with tourists for diving and snorkelling.
- Pacific Treelodge Resort’s wild trees and stunning ocean surroundings offer plentiful opportunity for exploration, adventure and relaxation. Whether it is canoeing down the Mother Snake’s mangrove channels, diving or snorkeling in the pristine ocean, hiking the lush mountains or ancient trails, or simply relaxing in the warm waters of the Pacific Ocean you will be mesmerized by the diversity, abundance and beauty of local flora, fauna, animals and birds.
- Without doubt, Truk has the best wreck diving in the world. The density of WWII wrecks is unmatched. There is wreck diving also in shallower waters from 15-40 meters (50-130 ft), no need to go deep! But those who love deep wreck diving get their thrills for sure. All is available in Truk! Diving can be done from liveaboards or land based with day boats. A decompression chamber is located on the main island in Weno.
- Black Coral Island is not a resort, but the snorkeling was excellent, five-foot shark included. The bright fish and multi-textured corals are stunningly beautiful.
- Liduduhniap Falls is a double waterfall located just outside of Kolonia. It is a very easy hike with easy access from the road.
Cool, Fun, and Funny Facts About Federated States of Micronesia
- If Southeast Asia has SEA Games, Micronesia also has the so-called Micronesian Games, a quadrennial international multi-sport event.
- Nightlife is generally non-existent in Micronesia. By 10 p.m., bars and restaurants are already closed.
- Because there is only main road in Pohnpei and locals pretty much know the ins and outs of their place, addresses have no use in the state.
- Crime is not common in Kosrae. It is one of the safest places in the world.
- Interestingly, Kosrae also has no crocodiles, snakes, or other such animals.
- The most northerly point in the Federated States of Micronesia is on Ulithi Atoll, which is part of the Yap Island group. If you were lost there, you could use a cell phone to summon help. Ulithi is remote, but modern conveniences have found their way to a small extent. Only some of the islands have electricity supplies, and there is some cell phone coverage too.
- In 2008, Emelihter Kihleng became the first Micronesian to publish a book of poetry in English. Emelihter’s book ‘My Urohs’ was published in 2008 and received excellent literary reviews. A urohs is the traditional brightly colored dress worn by native Micronesian women.
- No visit in Yap is complete until you have a chance to see the Stone Money Banks located throughout the island. Massive pieces of Stone Money line a stone pathway in the villages displaying the wealth of the village. Here, size does matter as each piece has a value based on where it came from and how it was made.
- Scuba divers can view the Multicolor Angelfish as well as the Slender Reef-dameselfish. Yellowband Wrasse, Blennies, and the Pygmy Triplefin are other species of fish that attract a great deal of attention from visitors.
- The Mortlock Islands Flying Fox and the Pohnpei Flying Fox are both endemic to Micronesia.
Historical and Cultural Facts About Federated States of Micronesia
- The only empire known to have originated in Micronesia was based in Yap.
- The culture of Micronesia is a mixture of Filipino, Melanesian and Polynesian culture.
- In Chuuk, the dead are normally buried in backyards. Graves sitting above the ground is a pretty common sight.
- A common item that can be seen in Micronesia are called “th’us”, is a type of loin cloth. Many villages in Micronesia still live by traditional means. One example that can be seen is the way in which many villages dress. Fishing, sailing, and weaving are all important facets of life in many Micronesian villages. Common garments of clothing that may be worn or made in these communities include grass skirts worn by the women and thu’us worn by the men.
- Visiting sailors, coming by sea, with which the islanders have a deep affinity, can be sure of a warm and sincere welcome.
- The islands, inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian peoples, were colonized by Spain in the 17th century. Germany purchased them from Spain in 1898.
- The Micronesian Federation (FMA) became self-governing in 1979.
- Jesuit-run Xavier High School was the first high school to be founded in Weno, the largest town in the country. It was founded in 1952.
- Every year since 1952, the United States Air force has carried out ‘Operation Christmas Drop’ to give gifts to the people of the remote Kapingamarangi Atoll. The gifts are donated by the people of Guam. As well as useful supplies like fishing nets and tools, the parcels also contain toys and school supplies for the children of Kapingamarangi. The boxes are dropped fron a large cargo plane, on parachutes, and can weigh anything up to 400 lbs each.
- Nan Madol is an ancient ruined city built on man-made islets. It is a ceremonial compound, built on a network of man-made structures just offshore, on the eastern side of Pohnpei.