Georgia is a small, yet beautiful and ancient country located in the neighborhood of Russia. The beautiful city of Tbilisi is the capital of Georgia. The country has a total population of around 4 million. Georgia has a unitary parliamentary system. The major religion of the country is Christianity. The Russian used to rule over Georgia till the end of the 29th century. Georgia got independence from Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. It is a developing country that is a member of the United Nations. In this informative article, we will focus on some interesting facts of Georgia. So, stay tuned.
1. Georgia is the birthplace of first European
Georgia is a very old country having a long history and heritage. It is considered to be the birthplace of the first European man, a fun fact about Georgia. In an archeological expedition at the Dmanisi, city of Georgia, the archaeologists found the oldest known Caucasian skulls. These were the skulls of a couple. These two were found to be 1.8 million years old. Because of these skulls, the archaeologists believe that this city of Georgia is the birthplace of the first European man.
2. Georgia is the oldest wine-producing city
Georgia is known to be the first city that started manufacturing wine. The UNESCO claims that Georgia has been manufacturing wine for the past 8,000 years. The wine was first produced in Georgia accidentally when a farmer buried some grape juice in a pot under the soil. After some time, the grape juice was turned into wine. This traditional Georgian winemaking method is still practiced in many areas of the World.
3. Georgia has its own unique writing system
You will be amazed to know that Georgia has its own writing system in the form of the Georgian script. The less known Georgian script is considered to be influenced by the Latin and Iranian scripts. It has some characteristics of both these scripts like the arrangement of letters and curved shapes of the alphabets etc. However, the Georgian script is entirely different from these two scripts and contains 33 alphabets, an interesting fact about Georgia.
4. Georgia has the deepest known cave of the Earth
Many people don’t know the fact that the deepest known cave of our Earth is located in Georgia. The Veryovkina cave situated in Georgia has a depth of 7,275 feet. It is located in the Gagra Mountain range of Georgia in the West Caucasus region. This cave is ranked as the deepest cave known to man. It takes almost 27 days for an average caver to scale down the cave.
5. Georgia is an ecologically rich and diverse country
Georgia is one of the ecologically rich countries of the world. The country has around 12 climate zones. It has deep forests that are home to a large number of animal species. Many endangered species are found in the deep forests of the country. Georgia also has around 49 different soil types. The ecological diversity of the country attracts many tourists to Georgia.
6. Georgia is the home of famous World Heritage sites
Another interesting fact about Georgia is that this country is rich in ancient culture and traditions. It has a number of heritage and cultural sites that attract thousands of tourists from all over the world. currently, the three places of Georgia are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites. These include an ancient city, the capital city of Mtskheta, and cathedral complexes of Bagrati and Gelati. In addition, the mountains of Svaneti are also included in the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
7. The highest settlement of Europe is in Georgia
Ushguli in Georgia is known as the highest settlement in Europe. It is a community of four ancient villages that have been continuously inhabited. It is located 6,900 feet above sea level. This ancient settlement is in the mountains of Svaneti and is considered as World Heritage site by UNESCO. The highest settlement has a number of stunning and amazing landscapes that attract thousands of tourists to the country.
8. Two ancient European cities are located in Georgia
Georgia is not only the birthplace of the first European man but is also a country that has two ancient European cities in it. These include Mtskheta and Kutaisi, an interesting Georgia fact. Both these cities were once the capital of Georgia. These cities are among the list of 16 ancient cities in Europe. Kutaisi is located in western Georgia and is the city where people lived even in the second millennium B.C. Mtskheta is a city that was founded around 3000 years ago. These cities are also among the UNESCO World Heritage sites.
9. Georgia is great for tourism
Georgia is famous for its heritage sites, mountains, forests, and rich ecosystems. It is a great tourist destination if you want to explore the beauty of nature. Georgia will provide you an opportunity to climb the mountains, to explore the biodiversity in its deep forests, and to do horse riding in its plains among the mountains. Georgia has something to delight every tourist who visits the country.
10. The Georgian language is a tongue twister
Spoken Georgian is a real tongue twister for foreigners. It is a language that you would not have heard in any other part of the world, an interesting fact about Georgia. The Georgian language spoken today belongs to the ancient linguistic group and is spoken only in Georgia. This language includes several rare sounds. That’s why, when you first visit Georgia, be ready to hear the words and sounds you might not have heard before.
Georgia is an ancient country located at the junction of Europe and Asia. It is the country where the first European man was born. The country contains three UNESCO World Heritage sites, the highest European settlement, and the two ancient cities of Europe. It is an ancient country where the wine was made from grape juice accidentally around 8,000 years ago. The Georgian language is an ancient language that is not spoken in any part of the world except Georgia. It has its own script that is influenced by Iranian and Latin scripts. These are some interesting facts that we discussed in our article.
We hope that you enjoyed reading these facts about Georgia. If you are interested, visit the Country Facts Page!