Usually remembered as the snakelike country on the southwestern coast of South America, Chile is home to numerous a variety of natural landscapes that allow for a number of activities. For adventurers, there are many trekking trails through the Andes Mountains and circuits through the forest in the Torres del Paine National Park. There are also options for horseback riding, snowboarding, mountain climbing, diving, rafting, surfing, Paragliding and many other activities due to the many natural sites across the country. It is also a great place to learn about South American and Chilean heritage and culture through Easter Island, Mapuche communities, Valparaiso, and several other World Heritage sites around Chile. Chile is also a great place for relaxation. Whatever the need is, you will be able to fill it and never get bored in Chile.
Important and Interesting Facts About Chile
- Chile is the longest north-south trending country in the world at over 4,600 km in length, however on average it is just 150 km wide from west to east.
- Easter Island is a Polynesian island and Chilean territory. It is the world’s most isolated island, located 2,300 miles (3,700 km’s) west of Chile. Easter Island is famous for its 887 ‘moai’, giant figures carved in volcanic stone.
- Found in the north of Chile, the Atacama Desert is the driest place on Earth, with an average rainfall of less than 0.05 mm a year.
- The crater lake of Ojos del Salado in the Andes on the Chile-Argentina border is the world’s highest lake at 6390 m (20,960 ft). The Ojos del Salado volcano itself is the highest historically active volcano on Earth at 6,893 m (22,615 ft). Also the largest drop in the level of relief globe (14,000 m difference) between the top of the mountain Ojos Del Salado and the bottom of the Pacific Ocean is in Chile, near the city of Copiapo.
- Moon Valley, which is located between the city of Calama and San Pedro de Atacama in Chile– one of the few places on the planet, is very reminiscent of a lunar landscape.
- The Robinson Crusoe Island really exists – it is part of the archipelago of Juan Fernandez, and belongs to Chile. It is the story of a Scottish sailor Alexander Selkirk, who had lived alone on the island for 4 years and 4 months, had based his novel “Robinson Crusoe” by Daniel Defoe.
- Along the mountainous region of Chile, there are over 1300 volcanoes and a number of them can still be active.
- Portillo – one of the best ski resorts for the quality of its snow and surrounded by mountains, it will only include direct sunlight, so the snow does not melt for a long time and the season lasts more than in other places. It is located near the city of Los Andes, Chile.
- Chile has the largest annual fireworks show in all of South America, In the City of Valparaiso.
- The city at the very tip of Chile called Punta Arenas it is the southernmost city on a continent in the world.
- Chile also has the One of the highest lakes above sea level in the world called “Lake Chungara”.
- In Algarrobo city in the Pacific coast of Chile, we find the most impressive artificial paradise that was named by the Guiness Book of Records as the world’s largest swimming pool with a length of 1,000 yards, an area of 20 acres and a maximum depth of 115- feet. It holds 66 million gallons of crystal clear seawater.
Cool, Funny, and Fun Facts About Chile
- Chile has one of the longest recorded dry spells in the Atacama Desert it did not rain for 40 years.
- Chilean Patagonia is the cleanest places in the world.
- The world’s only natural laboratory, changes its chemical composition, depending on the time of year – Kopaue Lake, located near the city of Los Angeles, Chile. Hot underground water of volcanic origin, changing its chemical composition from winter to summer.
- Elqui Valley of Chile has the purest sky on the earth, on average, 240 cloudless nights of the year, there was built the largest in the southern hemisphere observatory.
- UFOs observed in the skies of Chile, more than in any other country in the world.
- The world’s tallest active volcano ever – 6064 m – Galyatiri volcano, located near the village of Chapikinya in the “I” region of Chile.
- Chile – the only country where there are no poisonous snakes.
- The city Antofagasta in Chile, residents drink the largest number of Coca-Cola per capita in the world. It is recognized as the Coca Cola. And due to the fact that the city and county are almost no normal drinking water.
- There are mines ofTurquoise gemstone in Chile.
- Penguins don’t only live in Antarctica or at the zoo, they can be found in several areas of southern Chile, including the Seno Otway Penguin Colony. They usually lounge on the beach and commute to nearby nests.Humboldt Penguins are also found in the north coast of Chile with a total population of 12,000 breeding pairs in the country.
- Chile’sUNESCO world heritage sites are categorized as cultural, giving you an insight into the human story threaded into the majestic landscape of the country. The five sites are the Churches of Chiloé, the Historic Quarter of the Seaport City of Valparaíso, Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works, Rapa Nui National Park, and the Sewell Mining Town.
Historical and Cultural Facts About Chile
- Chileans call their country: país de poetas (country of poets), for good reason too, the country’s two Nobel Prize winners both won in Literature. Gabriela Mistral in 1945, and the country’s most famous poet, Pablo Neruda in 1971.
- Tennis is Chile’s most successful sport, however, football (soccer) is Chile’s most popular sport, the country has played in the World Cup 8 times including hosting the 1962 event.
- The national sport of Chile is Rodeo which is still very popular in rural areas of the country.
- The “maoi” island off the coast of Chile, was annexed by Chile and renamed Easter Island in the late seventeen hundreds.
- It is believed that Native Americans settled in Chile about 10,000 years ago.
- Chileans have a husband and wife have different last names. If the names are the same, you first consider a brother and sister.
- The oldest known deliberate mummy is a child, one of the Chinchorro mummies found in the Camarones Valley in Chile around 5050 BC. So far a total of 282 Chinchorro mummies have been removed from burial sites along the narrow coastal strip from Ilo in southern Peru to Antofagasta in northern Chile. Of these, 149 were created by Chinchorro artisans, and the rest were the work of nature.
- The first Europeans to reach Chile were the Spanish conquistadores in 1535. They came to the area in search of gold and silver.
- The formal conquest of Chile began in 1540 under Pedro de Valdivia and the city of Santiago was founded on February 12, 1541.
- In 1520, the Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan became the first European to reach Chile, through the strait that bears his name, near the bottom of South America.