York is one of the most stunning, medieval cities in northern England the history of which (as it was pointed out) can serve as a representation of the history of England in general. The fact highlights the importance of the city that had been the religious and political center of the country as well as second (after London) most-populated and influential city.
York is the city of small, narrow streets and ancient churches that stand out due to their unique architectural style. It is here where one can literally feel the spirit of history that creates an impossible to describe atmosphere.
Ready to discover the facts that make the city worth-visiting? There is only one thing to point out before we go straight to business. One of the most important things to decide in terms of travelling is when to go to this or that city/country. In case of York, there is no definite answer to the question. Why? Because climate here is a bit colder than in other parts of England. Summers here may be as cold as winters. Besides, gusts of wind and thick fogs are quite common. Therefore, it’s necessary to have clothes that will keep you warm.
So, what it is that makes York so special? Let’s see…
Interesting York Facts
1. Long and fascinating history
York (or as it was called at that time “Eboracum”) was founded by the Romans on the river Ouse in the year 71 (AD). At first, the city consisted of a single fortress built of timbre. Later on, the fortress was rebuilt in stone. In the 7th century, it became the main city of the Kingdom of Northumbria. Three centuries later, it officially became part of the Anglo-Saxon Kingdom.
At that time the city’s name was “Jorvik”. The name it exists under now was given to it only in the 13th century. Maybe you are wondering whether the city is somehow related to the well-known dynasty of Yorks. It is related. The city is the place where the dynasty was actually born.
The city continued developing rapidly and thriving up until the 17th century. It played a big role in terms of trade. Wool and wood were the main resources offered for trade. The convenient location of the city between London and Edenborough affected the process of its growth positively and contributed to its success in trading and other areas. Two centuries later, York turned into an important industrial center and railway terminal.
Once one of the most significant cities in the northern England, the modern York has the status of a tour city visited by 3 million people every year, ain interesting fact about York.
2. Variety of festivals and other kinds of entertainment
In total, there are approximately 50 festivals that take place in York every year.
You are a true fan of music? If so, you will definitely like an annual fest of street musician held in York. It is an event that provides a valuable opportunity to enjoy music written before the 19th century.
There is more! Do you know why September is the month when the city is visited by way more visitors than in any other month of a year? It is all because of the food festival that takes place here in September. It’s a real heaven for those who love various delicious meals and snacks. The main and most popular food is ham.
Apart from ham, York is also known for its chocolate. While in York, take time to visit one of the local chocolate factories. During the course of an excursion you can taste various kinds of chocolate and buy chocolate bars as presents for your relatives and friends.
3. A walk in a big Labyrinth
One of the must-visit places during a summer trip is the Labyrinth situated not far from the city of York. The total area of the Labyrinth is 10 times bigger than the total area of one football field. The paths to walk are changed from year to year.
4. York Minster
This cathedral built back in the 7th century is the largest medieval cathedral in northern England. It’s a real architectural masterpiece the building of which took as many as 252 years, an interesting fact about York. It has a marvelous gothic-style facade the decorative elements of which will definitely attract your attention. The central tower of the cathedral is also the highest point of the city. 275 steps lead to the top of the cathedral.
5. The Shambles – the most beautiful street of the city
Shambles street is included in the list of the most beautiful commercial streets of the planet. To walk along this narrow street is a way to go on an impossible trip. A trip to the past. It’s the street where one can see lots of timber framed houses that date back to the 14th century. That is why the street is so popular among tourists who want to see real examples of the houses built in this particular style.
6. City walls
The walls were built long ago when the Romans needed to protect their cities from their enemies, a fascinating fact about York. The part of the wall that still remains stretches as far as 3 miles. A walk in this place will give you a chance to see one more example of medieval architecture structure and enjoy great views.
Of course, this is not all. There are many other things in York (like museums, towers and gates) that make the city worth visiting. You are can choose the places and events that align with your interests. One thing is certain – the trip to the city of York will remain with you forever. It won’t leave you indifferent.
I hope that this article on York facts was helpful. If you are interested, visit the City Facts Page!