Considered as one of the friendly and diverse country in the African continent, Zambia can really offer unforgettable experience. Aside from the culture and rich history, Zambia is also rich in wildlife and abundant in natural wonders. Added to these are the fantastic huge body of water and impressive open spaces. Zambia experience is incomplete without experiencing the face to face encounter of the finest Safari that is very common in Africa. The country is also rich in natural resources and the people there are really friendly. Urban life is also a must-try in Zambia, completing the fascinating taste of Zambian culture.
Important and Interesting Facts about Zambia
- is a landlocked country in Southern Africa,neighbouring the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana and Namibia to the south, and Angola to the west.
- In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world’s fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka.
- At 752,614 km2 (290,586 sq mi) it is the 39th-largest country in the world, slightly smaller than Chile.
- Zambia is drained by two major river basins: the Zambezi/Kafue basin in the centre, west and south covering about three-quarters of the country; and the Congo basin in the north covering about one-quarter of the country.
- The country is mostly a plateau that rises to 8,000 ft (2,434 m) in the east.
- White water rafting is a must! If you are keen for the final thrill then a multi-day trip along the Zambezi is it! The Zambezi provides the best rafting trip on the planet! You will crash through some of the biggest commercially run rapids in the world. Batoka Gorge provides one of the most intense sensory thrills imaginable. Its twenty three whitewater rapids and arresting scenery deep within the sheer black cliffs afford the adrenaline junkie a wild roller coaster ride along a route carved over millennia by the Great Zambezi.
- Bungee Jumping for the very brave: The highest profitable bridge jump in the world in the most stunning setting over the Zambezi River!This must be the ultimate adrenaline rush. It’s a beyond description feeling that will probably change your life!
- The city of Chingola is the found in the Copperbelt Province of Zambia. This place is popular for having the second largest open cast mine on the entire globe. The Nchanga Open Pit Mine is often visited by tourists to marvel at the trails that go as deep as four hundred meters. Information about these mines can be easily found throughout the city.
- Mfuwe serves the caters to the tourism industry in this province. Mfuwe holds an airport that caters to international and local flights especially during the best seasons of the year for the industry.Tourists and travelers from all over the world come to Mfuwe to visit and experience wildlife safaris. At Mfuwe tourists arrive to begin an adventure of a lifetime and this serves as their first destination. It stands in the middle of a number of great attractions such as wildlife conservations.
- In the country of Zambia you will find the quaint but magnificent Luapula Province. The capital of this province is Mansa. The city of Mansa was once referred to as Fort Rosebery during the British rule. Later on, it took the name of the river Mansa that is also the name of the local chief. The city is strategically located to be able to access several other locations that are neighboring the province. Mansa is known to host the administrative body that governs that luscious waterfalls, wetlands, rivers and lakes throughout the province.
- Zambia is known for its copper-mining region that is also named the Copperbelt. Ndola is the capital of the Copperbelt province and is also the commercial capital of the country. This is one of only three cities that has an international airport throughout Zambia. The city holds a wide array of three and four-star hotels that offer comfortable accommodations to travelers who are interested in seeing the city.
Cool, Funny, and Fun Facts about Zambia
- Lake Kariba is so huge that in certain parts of it, unknowing visitors think they are looking at the ocean.
- Because Zambia is landlocked, you need to travel 600 miles before you can see any real ocean.
- The entire country’s telephone directory is not even one inch thick.
- Because of the Victoria Falls’ spray, the forest beside it receives “rain” 24 hours a day, seven days a week!
- If you look at the Victoria Falls’ mist from the correct angle, you will be able to see a circular rainbow. (Of course, all rainbows are really circular, but it is very seldom that we get to see more than the top half.)
- Zambia is one of the hardest hit nations with AIDS
- A favorite way for Zambians to pass time and relax is conversation, with an emphasis on story-telling
- Zambians expect friendly persons to call on them unannounced
- Anything considered “rural” is called “the bush”
- The national symbol is the African Fish Eagle, which looks much like the American Bald Eagle
- Zambia is one of the world’s poorest countries and ranked 165th out of 177 on the Hum Dev Index
Historical and Cultural Facts about Zambia
- Early humans inhabited present-day Zambia between one and two million years ago.
- That archaic humans were present in Zambia at least 200,000 years ago was shown by the discovery of the Broken Hill skull in Kabwe in 1921 – this was the first human fossil ever discovered in Africa.
- The period between the 16th and the 19th centuries saw the emergence of organised Iron Age kingdoms as well as widespread immigration. Four kingdoms were established in this period – the Kazembe-Lunda in the north centered on the lower Luapula River, the Bemba in the north east, the Chewa in the east and the Lozi in the west, centered on the upper Zambezi River.
- Today the country is made up almost entirely of Bantu-speaking peoples. Empire builder Cecil Rhodes obtained mining concessions in 1889 from King Lewanika of the Barotse and sent settlers to the area soon thereafter. The region was ruled by the British South Africa Company, which Rhodes established, until 1924, when the British government took over the administration.
- From 1953 to 1964, Northern Rhodesia was federated with Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (now Malawi) in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. On Oct. 24, 1964, Northern Rhodesia became the independent nation of Zambia.
- Kenneth Kaunda, the first president, kept Zambia within the Commonwealth of Nations. The country’s economy, dependent on copper exports, was threatened when Rhodesia declared its independence from British rule in 1965 and defied UN sanctions, which Zambia supported, an action that deprived Zambia of its trade route through Rhodesia. The U.S., Britain, and Canada organized an airlift in 1966 to ship gasoline into Zambia.
- A greeting is always exchanged before any conversation. If a person approaches you, you should always offer the first greeting. A man should withhold his hand in greeting until the woman offers hers. Gifts are often offered to a visitor as a sign of honour, friendship or gratitude. One should never refuse a gift and accept it with both hands at the same time expressing thanks.
- ‘Lobola’ the bride price is still widely practised and is a token of appreciation to the parents of the girl. In most tribes, the bride is taken to the man’s village the evening before the wedding. Large quantities of food are prepared and home made beer is brewed to celebrate the marriage. The whole village attends and much singing dancing and drumming takes place, usually over two or three days. Afterwards, the elders council the bride and groom on the preservation of marriage. The bride is not supposed to cook until after the in-laws introduce her to the pots and fire.
- Funerals are a major event, with family members coming from great distances to attend. A funeral may last for many days, with the men outside drinking and talking, and women inside, wailing. The delay gives people traveling from long distances time to arrive. After a period, the group will proceed to a graveyard where services, usually Christian, will be held. Unfortunately, funerals have become an everyday occurrence due to the high death rate associated with AIDS and other illnesses.
- Quiet beauty, bustle, bounding life or brimming joy characterise many aspects of music and dance in Zambia. Emphasis varies from breathless acrobatic spectacle amid propulsive drumming to fine subtleties of sound and movement.
- Animism is practiced by a large amount of the population, even if they are Catholic, Seventh Day Adventists, or practitioners of another religion. Animism beliefs vary from tribe to tribe, but most are based on beliefs in the power of ancestors and in nature. Some people call this witchcraft and indeed such terms as “wizards” and “witches” are used. Many areas believe that crocodiles have strong powers.
- The traditional dress of Zambia is although rare but unique in nature and is a cluster of painted masks, fiber wigs and headdresses, skirts made with fiber and animal skins and ornaments of beads and rattles. By wearing such traditional costumes, the Zambians represent the souls of their ancestors, monsters, clowns, majestic animals and spirits.