Tagged as one of the oldest and smallest countries in Europe, San Marino offers history and scenery all wrapped into one. Any visitors will feel the tranquillity of its green, unspoiled lands. The country also has great museums, districts full of stories from the past and great traditional painting that will surely let you travel back in the medieval days. Your trip will not be complete if you will not get a taste of their delectable dishes loaded with different herbs and spices. If you’re coming from Italy and you want to visit this small country boarding pass and passport is not required.
San Marino – Interesting and Important Facts
- San Marino is the smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco
- The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world’s oldest republic.
- San Marino, one of the smallest republics in the world, is located in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy, south of the city of Rimini on the northern part of the Adriatic coast.
- Situated in the central part of the Apennine mountains, San Marino is dominated by the three-peaked Mount Titano, which is 2,437 feet (743 meters) high.
- San Marino claims to be the world’s oldest republic.
- There are several streams and small rivers, including the Ausa, Marano, and the San Marino.
- San Marino is One-tenth the size of New York City, San Marino is surrounded by Italy. It is situated in the Apennines, a little inland from the Adriatic Sea near Rimini.
- San Marino encompasses 24 square miles (Manhattan is about 22, for reference), making it the fifth smallest country on the planet, and 1/40 the size of Rhode Island.
- In 2004, San Marino beat Liechtenstein 1-0 for its first international football win. It now shares last place in the 2014 FIFA world rankings.
- San Marino’s foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
- San Marino claims to be the oldest surviving sovereign state in the world.
San Marino – Cool, Fun and Funny Facts
- The only UN members with lower populations so If everyone in San Marino went to Wembley Stadium, there would be 56,318 empty seats.
- When a New York paper wrote that San Marino had declared war on Britain in 1940, San Marino wrote to Britain to say it hadn’t declared war.
- With no border formalities, passage from Italy to San Marino is seamless. Foreign visitors may enter without showing a passport. If you’d like your passport stamped as a souvenir, there’s a 5-euro charge.
- There are no universities or colleges in San Marino and those students who decide to pursue higher education usually attend university in Italy where San Marino’s high school diplomas are recognized.
- The only UN members with lower populations than San Marino are Nauru, Tuvalu and Palao.
- The adjective for ‘coming from San Marion’ is Sammarinese.
- San Marino remained neutral in both the First World War and the Second.
San Marino – Historical and Cultural Facts
- According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. who escaped from the Roman Empire to seek freedom from religious persecution. Marinus settled at the base of Mount Titano
- San Marino became a member of the United Nations in 1992. Although San Marino doesn’t do much for the United Nations, it does pay 0.002% of the U.N.’s annual fees. (That means that for every $50,000 the U.N. needs, San Marino pays $1)
- San Marino is the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world. The official date of its founding is September 3, 301. Yes, that’s the year 301.
- San Marino takes its name from its founder, Marinus, who according to legend founded the republic in 301 C.E. San Marino is comprised of native Sammarinese and Italian citizens.
- In 1894 San Marino issued the first commemorative stamps which have been an important source of income for the republic ever since.
- In 1739 Cardinal Alberoni, in an attempt to gain more political power, used military force to occupy San Marino but civil disobedience and clandestine communications with the current Pope, Clement XII, helped to ensure recognition of San Marino’s rights and restoration of its independence.
- In a small and unified country like San Marino, family plays an important role. Extended family and kin are an important part of the social structure of the republic.
- The sale of collectible postage stamps and coins also constitutes a major part of the republic’s revenue.
- Food and meals are an important part of life in San Marino. The cuisine is Mediterranean, emphasizing fresh and locally grown produce, pasta, and meat.
- Children often continue to live at home with their parents well into adulthood, until higher education is completed or they start their own families.