Dive into the wild of Republic of the Congo, which is popularly known as Congo-Brazzaville. Avail the superb experience what their Lefini Reserve can offer as this could be the ideal safari treat! Do not miss the chance also to explore the rich marine life you can find in the Douli National Park, where the locals have collected huge ocean creatures like whales, sea turtles and more. If you want to witness the plant glowing at night, the country could offer so much delight! If you wish to have a taste of wonderful memories, sail your boats at Congo River as this is one the best of Africa’s river adventure!
Important and Interesting Facts About Congo
- When reading about Congo, you will most likely encounter information on two separate countries. That’s because, of course, there are two nations located in Africa which border each other with the word Congo in both of their names.
- Congo, officially known as theRepublic of Congo, is located on the western coastline of central Africa. Its five major cities are Gamboma, Owando, Quesso, Pointe-Noire, and Brazzaville. Brazzaville is the oldest city and the capital.
- TheRepublic of the Congo, also known as Congo Republic or Congo-Brazzaville, is a country located in Central Africa. It is bordered by Gabon, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Angolan exclave of Cabinda. Comparatively, the area occupied by the Congo is slightly smaller than the state of Montana.
- To the west of Congo lies Gabon and to the east is The Democratic Republic of the Congo which was formerly the country of Zaire.
- The woods, caves and waterfalls of Boma and equatorial Mayumbe and the Tombs of Tshela can be visited on the way to the ocean beach of Moanda in Congo.
- Bunia is the point of departure for numerous excursions into the forests and mountains, native villages, the Caves of Mount Hoyo and the Escaliers de Venus Falls.
- In the southwest, the Inkisi Falls (60m/197ft high) at Zongo, and the caves in the region of Mbanza-Ngungu may be visited in one day, but it is preferable to stay for two or three days, for Mbanza-Ngungu is a pleasant resort with a good climate.
- The Congo has a tropical climate characterized by high humidity and heat. There are two wet and two dry seasons.
- A team from National Geographic magazine, who visited the fledgling Parc National Nouabalé-Ndoki in the mid-1990s, called this northern corner of Congo the world’s ‘Last Eden’, and they chose their words wisely. The Parc National Nouabalé-Ndoki is truly the world before the chainsaw. This vast region of swampy forest is home to healthy populations of western lowland gorillas, forest elephants, chimpanzees and others. So extraordinary is Nouabalé-Ndoki that in 2012 Unesco declared it a World Heritage Site.
- Congo’s most diverse national park stretches from the Atlantic Ocean through a band of coastal savannah up into jungle-clad mountains. The main activities are boat rides up the Ngongo River; forest walks and, between November and February, watching sea turtles lay their eggs on the beach. You can also help feed the island-dwelling chimpanzees being prepared for reintroduction to the forest.
Cool, Funny, and Fun Facts About Congo
- The great apes, such as the bonobos and the eastern lowland gorillas, can be found only in Congo.
- Okoumé is a tree in the family Burseraceae, native to the Republic of the Congo. It is a medium-sized hardwood tree growing to 30-40 m tall, rarely larger, with a trunk 1-2.5 m diameter above the often large basal buttresses. The tree generally grows in small stands, the roots of the trees intertwined with neighboring trees. In Gabon it is the primary timber
- Theokapi also known as the forest giraffe or zebra giraffe located in Congo in Central Africa. Although the okapi bears striped markings reminiscent of zebras, it is most closely related to the giraffe.
- Thegiant otter shrew is a mammal superficially similar to an otter in appearance. It is characterized by a long, flat tail, which it uses for swimming by sideways undulation like a fish. It has a muzzle covered with bristles, and flat shielded nostrils. It has dense, soft hair, silky on the tail.
- TheAfrican golden cat (Profelis aurata) is a medium-sized wild cat distributed over the rainforests of West and Central Africa. The African golden cat has variable fur color, typically ranging from cinnamon or reddish-brown to grey, although melanistic forms also exist. It can be either spotted, with the spotting ranging from faded tan to heavy black in color, or not spotted at all.
- Theblack colobus or Satanic black colobus has dark skin under a long black coat of fur and a long black tail. Males of this species can weigh up to 24.25 lb (11 kg).
- Thehumpback whale has a distinctive body shape, with unusually long pectoral fins and a knobbly head. An acrobatic animal known for breaching and slapping the water with its tail and pectorals.
- TheJa slit-faced bat is a species of slit-faced bat that lives in the tropical and sub-tropical forests of Africa.
- The lion is one of the five big cats. It is the second-largest living cat after thetiger. Highly distinctive, the male lion is easily recognised by its mane, and its face is one of the most widely recognised animal symbols in human culture.
- TheAfrican manatee also known as the West African manatee or seacow, is “full around the middle and narrowing to a paddle-shaped tail”. It is grey in colour, with small, colourless hairs around its body. However, algae and other tiny organisms often grow on them, so they appear brown or greenish. Calves, however, are darker in colour when they are very young.
Historical and Cultural Facts About Congo
- In pre-colonial times, the region now called the Republic of Congo was dominated by three kingdoms: Kongo (originating about 1000), the Loango (flourishing in the 17th century), and Tio. After the Portuguese located the Congo River in 1482, commerce was carried on with the tribes.
- The region was dominated by Bantu-speaking tribes, who built trade links leading into the Congo River Almost all Congolese are Bantu, a name that refers to the people living in Central, Eastern and Southern Africa. The Bantu originated from Nigeria and Cameroon and migrated to Southern Africa 2,000 years ago.
- Congolese won’t let their beer-guzzling ex-masters take all the credit. The Simba beer is not only big in taste, its bottle – which is often rundown and bears a crude lion logo – is nearly twice the size of most beer bottles around the world. Those who have tasted the beverage claim it has a bready flavor. And there are even those who say that it has a better taste than the more popular Budweiser.
- The Bakongo live in the south from Brazzaville to Pointe-Noire on the Atlantic coast. The Bakongo include the Lari around Brazzaville, the Vili near Pointe-Noire, the Yombe ( Bayombe) in the Mayombe Range, the Babembe, the Basoundi, the Bakamba and of course the Bakongo, after the powerful Kings of Kongo.
- Food taboos depend on the tribe and village. If a family has a totem, it cannot eat that animal, which is considered a spiritual protector. At major festivals, meat, usually chicken, is eaten. Plum wine and beer are consumed at these times.
- The rain forest soil is not nutrient-rich; less than 3 percent of the land is cultivated for food production. Meat is expensive because it has to be hunted or imported. For this reason, little meat is eaten. Bananas, pineapples, taro, peanuts, manioc, cassava, rice, and bread are the staples.
- The Mbochi, another major ethnic group includes the Mbochi, Kouyou, Makoua, Bonga, Bobangi, Moye, Ngare and Mboko.The Mbochi raise poultry, sheep and goats and catch fish in the rivers. They are also famous for being farmers and grow coffee, cocoa, tobacco and rice.
- There are probably 30,000 Pygmies in Congo. Most live in the deep forests of the north (the Sangha and Likouala regions) and west ( the Chaillu Range). They live in small family units and practice mainly hunting to secure their livelihoods.
- Maboké Fish Stew (Cat Fish): wrapped in marantaceae leaves cooked with green vegetables seasoned with piment (pepper). Maboké can be eaten with fufu or kwanga which are derived from cassava tuber or plantain (either fried or boiled). Fufu, Kwanga and Plaintains are often referred to as “the daily Congolese bread,” in popular culture.
- Saka Saka or Pondu: It is the national dish made up ground cassava leaves, palm oil, smoked fished and peanut butter. It could be eaten with bush meat or smoked fish. Plaintains, fufu and kwanga may also be eaten with Saka Saka.