Montenegro is a Balkan country near Serbia, Kosovo, and Albania. Throughout this small country are rustic landscapes with towering mountains, stunning coastlines, and well-kept heritage sites. The Riviera’s are famous destinations for several cruise ships and travelers. Away from the seaside areas, Montenegro also has a National Park with a large beautiful lake for camping, hiking, and sightseeing activities. For religious activities, they have 17th century monasteries and churches are open for pilgrimages and as tourist destinations. With their development of Adventure Tourism, this is the most opportune time to visit and enjoy the country’s offerings for thrilling physical activities like climbing, white water rafting, scuba diving and many others.
Important and Interesting Facts about Montenegro
- Montenegro is a country in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia to the northeast, Kosovo[a] to the east, and Albania to the south-east.
- The mountains of Montenegro include some of the most rugged terrain in Europe, averaging more than 2,000 metres in elevation. One of the country’s notable peaks is Bobotov Kuk in the Durmitor mountains, which reaches a height of 2,522 metres (8,274 ft).
- The country experiences a Mediterranean climate with hot dry summers and autumns. Winters are cold with the country’s inland cities experiencing heavy snowfall.
- Handmade carpets, wood carvings, tapestries, ceramics, filigree jewelry, ceramics and art, wine can be purchased when you tour Montenegro.
- It’s major industries are tourism, steelmaking, aluminum and food processing. The major trading partners are Serbia, Italy, Croatia, Hungary and Germany.
- Skadar/Scadar/Scutari Lake is located in the so called Zeta-Skadar valley that partly belongs to the municipality of the city of Bar and partly to the municipality of the city of Podgorica. Indescribable and in many ways unique, with the size of 391km2, it is the larges lake on the Balkan Peninsula. Driving through the newly build Sozina tunnel, the lake is only a short 20 minute drive away from the Adriatic Sea.
- Crvena Stijena by the village Petrovici near Niksic is one of the oldest cultural and historical monuments and also one of the most important archeological sites in Europe. The cave is unique in the world because of numerous cultural horizons it contains.
- Perast is one of the most beautiful little places in Boka Bay, few kilometers from Kotor. Perast is a wonderful old town, with wonderful old architecture. You will enjoy in many old churchs, but one of the biggest attraction is for sure : Our Lady of the Rock (Gospa od Skrpjela), little island in Boka Bay, with amazing church and museum. Every few minutes, there is small taxi boats that will take you to this unforgettable place.
- One of the most famous and prestigious places in Montenegro – Sveti Stefan (St Stephen) is located only 15 minutes drive from Budva. Sveti Stefan is certainly one of the tourist icons of Montenegro. It’s no wonder, when you visit this beautiful place you’ll immediately feel why Sophia Loren, Sylvester Stallone, Queen Elizabeth II and many other celebrities, just chose Sveti Stefan for your favorite place to vacation.
- When you first find yourself in front of the monastery of Ostrog, your primary thought will be that it is not created by a man; this glorious monastery located above the Bjelopavlic valley, carved in rocks as though keeping century old secrets of this shrine. Metropolitan Vasilije (Saint Basil) founded the monastery of Ostrog in 17th century. The most magnificent part of Ostrog is the Upper monastery. There are two churches: the upper church dedicated to Holy Cross and the lower church in Upper monastery is dedicated to Vavedenje of Holy Mary. People of all religions and nations visit Ostrog. This shrine is one of the most visited in Christian world.
- Mountain of Lovcen rises above the coastal region and is the backdrop of the city of Kotor. This mountainous region plays an important role in the consciousness of Montenegrin people. Lovcen is a symbol of state and national identity. The Mountain of Lovcen is proclaimed a National park that includes the highest and central part of the entire Lovcen massive. The peaks named Stirovnik and Jezerski vrh is where the mausoleum of Petar II Petrovic Njegos, one of the greatest poets, philosophers and statesmen of Montenegro, is located. Lovcen has an abundantly valuable building heritage, summer pastures and village gumnos. One of the valuable religious monuments is the village of Njegusi, the birthplace of Njegos, located on the old road leading from Kotor to the town of Cetinje.
- Ada Bojana is an artificially created river island. In the 19th century, at his location two smaller islands where located between which a ship called Merito was sunk. Though the years, the wreck of this ship and the two islands nearby, gathered river sediment and created this beautiful island. Ada Bojana has a triangular shape. It is touched from one side by the Adriatic Sea and the other sides by the river Bojana. The beach facing the sea is sandy, 3km long and is a heaven for sailing. On the river banks of Ada Bojana there are many fish restaurants that catch the fish in the old time-honored methods.
Cool, Funny, and Fun Facts about Montenegro
- The country of Montenegro does not require tourists to hold tourist visas. However, it is a must for people who work in the country to hold and renew their work visas.
- The country of Montenegro has always been a problem for cartographers simply because it was comparatively impossible to write out all the letters of its name on the small space it takes on a map!
- Winters in the country of Montenegro are when the crowds fade away owing to the fact that winters in the country are cold, snowy and almost intolerable.
- When Montenegro became independent back in 2006, many of its possible ccTLDs were already taken; for example, .MO is used by Macau, .MN is used by Mongolia, and even .CG (which could represent its native Montenegrin name) is used by the Republic of Congo. After ICANN delegated .ME to it in 2007, the government decided to open .ME up to everyone by operating and marketing it as a generic top-level domain (gTLD) instead of a ccTLD. Although .ME is used within Montenegro, it is also a popular domain worldwide for obvious reasons – .ME stands for “me”! Most .
- Montenegro uses the Euro, but it’s kinda not supposed to. After it split from Serbia it adopted the Deutsche Mark but when the Euro was introduced it switched to that. Nobody seemed to mind at first, and then there was a brief “hey, what do you think you’re doing” moment, but now Montenegro’s a candidate to join the EU so all will most likely be forgiven.
- Montenegro features in the movie “Casino Royale”,released in 2006. James Bond plays a high stake poker tournament at the Casino Royale , which is located in Montenegro. Filming for this movie was done in Czech Republic,however.
- Hollywood star Brad Pitt played his fi rst role in a movie “Dark side of the Sun” which was recorded in Montenegrin Coast in 1987. Montenegrin director Bozidar- Bota Nikolic chose Pit for this role. Nikolic was also director of photography for this movie. Brad was especially amazed by the beauty of Perast.
- Montenegrins celebrate July 13 eventhough they passed an independence referendum on May 21 and then became officially independent on June 3. Well, July 13 is a national holiday in Montenegro known as Statehood Day. Statehood Day is not to be confused with Montenegro’s Independence Day, which is celebrated on May 21, the day of their independence referendum. Statehood Day is celebrated to commemorate the day that Montenegro was recognized as the 27th independent state in the world by the Berlin Congress, which happened on July 13, 1878.
- Despite of being a small country, Montenegro features over 120 beaches along its 182 miles of coastline on the Adriatic sea.
- Montenegro was the fi rst county in the world to have the national printing house. Ruler of Zeta Djuradj Crnojevic got the printing equipment from Venetia in 1493, only four years after Gutenberg invented modern printing skills. It was set up to work in Cetinje.
Historical and Cultural Facts about Montenegro
- The first inhabitants on the Balkan peninsula were the ancient people known as the Illyrians. The Slavic people followed in the 6th and 7th centuries.
- What is now Montenegro was the Serbian principality of Zeta in the 14th century. The principality was under the rule of the Ottoman Empire from the 14th to the 19th century, though this mountainous region managed to evade tight Ottoman control.
- It became a principality within the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and in 1878 achieved independence. In 1910, Prince Nicholas I proclaimed himself king. During World War I, Montenegro fought on the side of the Allies and was defeated by Austro-German forces. Nicholas was forced to flee the country and Montenegro was annexed to Serbia, then called the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, and renamed Yugoslavia in 1929.
- In May 2006, Montenegro held a referendum on independence, which narrowly passed. On June 3, it declared independence, and on June 26, it became the 192nd member of the United Nations. Prime Minister Zeljko Sturanovic resigned in January 2008 to undergo treatment for a rare form of lung cancer. He was replaced by Milo Djukanovic, who has already served four terms as prime minister. He had been in power as either president or prime minister of Montenegro from 1991 to 2006 and had led the country’s drive for independence.
- The traditional dishes of Montenegro’s heartland, and its Adriatic coast have a distinctively Italian flavour which shows in the bread-making style, the way meat is cured and dried, cheese-making, wine and spirits, the soup and stew making style, polenta, stuffed capsicums, meatballs, priganice, japraci, raštan, etc.
- The first literary works written in the region are ten centuries old, and the first Montenegrin book was printed five hundred years ago. The first state-owned printing press (Printing House of Crnojevići), was located in Cetinje in 1494, where the first South Slavic book was printed the same year (Oktoih). A number of medieval manuscripts, dating from the 13th century, are kept in the Montenegrin monasteries.
- When we are talking about the musical expression, Montenegrin folk melodies are of small range and of short form, which according to the texts is incessantly and continually being repeated. Those are patriotic songs. Songs of pride, sorrow, and joy, and they themselves make a strong confirmation of the tumultuous history.
- A dance of ethnic Montenegrins is called the Oro, with the forms being the Crmnički Oro, Zetsko Oro, Katunski Oro and the Riječki Oro. It is as much a communal gathering and a game as it is a dance in the strictest sense. Typically, young men and women would gather and form a circle (kolo), then start to sing, usually in form of playfully mocking someone from the other side and daring them to enter the circle to dance. One of the more daring young men would then enter the circle and start to dance in a stylistic imitation of an Eagle.
- A very important dimension of Montenegrin culture is the ethical ideal of Čojstvo i Junaštvo, roughly translated as “Humanity and Bravery”. Another result of its centuries long warrior history, it is the unwritten code of Chivalry that stipulates that to deserve a true respect of its people, a person has to show virtues of integrity, dignity, humility, self-sacrifice for the just cause, respect for others, and Rectitude along with the bravery
- Greetings among Montenegrins, be they men or women, is usually a handshake for initial introductions, thereafter anything between a handshake, a hug or a hug and kiss.
- When you are invited to somebody’s house (e. g. for a meal) it is customary to bring a bottle of wine and a box of coffee.