Truly a destination for the hardcore and experienced travelers, the main draw of Chad is definitely its abundance and diversity of African wildlife. While in the past, Chad has been a hot destination for hunters and poachers; it is now becoming a vast wildlife preserve. The Zakouma National Park is home to herds of giraffes and elephants as well as many other animals common to the savannah. This is the destination for those ready to rough it and truly experience Africa, as the area is not very developed, especially when it comes to roads and transportation. Even so, the amazing abundance of wildlife, the oases in the deserts and the blue beauty of Lake Chad continue to attract backpackers and serious travelers.
Important and Interesting Facts About Chad
- The republic is home to one of the most beautiful natural wonders of the world: the Lake Chad. This African wonder is the world’s 17th-largest lake. It is about the size of the American State of Hawaii. Since the 2000s it is the nation’s greatest tourist attraction.
- TheLogon or Logone River is a major tributary of the Chari River and one of the important rivers in Chad. The flow of the river has been observed over 38 years (1951–84) in Bongor a town in Chad downstream of the union with the Pendé about 450 km above the mouth into the Chari.
- TheChari or Shari River is a stream, 949 kilometers (590 mi) long, of central Africa. Much of Chad’s population, including Sarh and the capital N’Djamena, is concentrated around it. It provides 90 percent of the water flowing into Lake Chad.
- Chad is a landlocked country in north central Africa. A landlocked country is a country which has no borders on the sea. It is bounded on the north by Libya; on the east by Sudan; on the south by the Central African Republic; and on the west by Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger.
- The total area of Chad – more than twice the size of Texas — is 496,000 square miles. This French-speaking nation is the 21st-largest country on Earth, ahead of a host of nations such as Germany, Finland, Japan and the United Kingdom.
- It is surrounded by three oil-rich countries (Libya, Sudan and Nigeria).
- Chad is known as “The Babel Tower of the world”.
- Chad is about the size of Spain, France and Kansas combined– is famous in the world as the home to up to 200 ethnic groups.
- The main Industry consists of oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, and construction materials.
- Zakouma National Park is located on an immense plain across which the Bahr Salamat and its tributaries flow from north to south. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.It also has 226 documented bird species for the bird watchers.
- The Ennedi Desert used to be underwater, so it has many rock formations and sea arches. It is located in the Sahara desert in northeastern Chad.
- You can also watch camel racing here on Tibesti Mountains of Chad.
Cool, Funny, and Fun Facts About Chad
- The country has never competed in the FIFA World Championships, but Chad’s idol Japhnes N’doram was one of the Continent’s most popular soccer players in the mid-1990s. During that time, he was the toast of his nation.
- Mahamat-Saleh Harounis a film director from Chad who has lived in France since 1982. He made his first feature film, Bye Bye Africa, in 1999. His second feature, Abouna, won best cinematography award at FESPACO, while his third, Daratt, won the Grand Special Jury Prize at the 63rd Venice International Film Festival. The 2010 feature film A Screaming Man won the Jury Prize at the 2010 Cannes Film Festival, making Haroun the first Chadian director to enter, as well as win, an award in the main Cannes competition.
- Kaltouma Nadjina(born November 16, 1976) is a Chadian Her athletic career began when she participated in 1993 at Moundou to the National Sport Week. Her victory in the 400 meters opened her the road to the selection for the 1994 World Junior Championships held in Lisbon.
- By early 1990, Pope John Paul II, spiritual leader of the world’s millions of Catholics, visited the country.
- Against all odds, the modern country of Chad made its first African Games appearance in Congo-Brazzaville in July 1965, where won three bronze medals, ahead of Gabon, Ethiopia and Zaire (present-day the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
- The Animal Life of Chad consists of elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, warthog, giraffe, antelope, lion, leopard, cheetah, hyenas, and snakes.
- TheNile perch (Lates niloticus) is a species of freshwater fish native to Lake Chad. It is silver in color with a blue tinge. It has distinctive dark-black eyes, with a bright-yellow outer ring. One of the largest freshwater fish, it reaches a maximum length of nearly 2 m (more than 6 ft), weighing up to 200 kg. Mature fish average 121–137 cm, although many fish are caught before they can grow this large.
- Theviolet turaco, is a large turaco is a resident in Chad. The plumage is glossy violet, except for the yellow forehead, chestnut crown and white ear coverts; the bill is thick and red. Turacos are social birds, travelling in flocks of around ten to twelve individuals. They are not strong fliers but they can run quickly through the branches.
- Theriver prinia (Prinia fluviatilis) is a species of bird found in Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger, and Senegal. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist shrubland and swamps.
- Theblack crowned crane occurs in dry savannah in Africa south of the Sahara and Chad, although in nests in somewhat wetter habitats for foraging, are the only cranes that can nest in trees.
Historical and Cultural Facts About Chad
- The African country of Chad proclaimed its independence from France on August 11, 1960. For this reason, it, after a 60-year French occupation, became one of Africa’s first independent countries in the latter part of the 20th century.
- Islam arrived in 1085, and by the 16th century a trio of rival kingdoms flourished: the Kanem-Bornu, Baguirmi, and Ouaddai.
- Chad australopithecine in an early hominid between two hundred thousand and five hundred thousand years old found in the southeast of Chad, along with the teeth of an extinct elephant.
- By 2004 Chad was exporting oil via a pipeline connecting its oil fields with Cameroon’s Atlantic coast.
- The historic quarter, with its colorful daily market, is fascinating and a good place to pick up colorful Chadian rugs and jewellery.
- In the villages, it is the popular belief that if you take some of the dry matter from the corner of a dog’s eye and put it in your own, that you will see demons.
- A future husband is required to work in the fields of his father-in-law for three years. He also makes straw mats, builds a hut for his mother-in-law, and builds a ligdabe to shade her from the sun.
- When shaking your hand with a Muslim, you touch your hand to your heart after you finish shaking hands. This means, you wish peace to him, and that peace may be on you as well.
- Donkey’s milk is used to cure whooping cough, and tamarind fruit to cure measles.
- Fruit juices and the millet beer called bili bili are traditional beverages.